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Discovery Diving Co., Inc.
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Beaufort, North Carolina 28516


Blanket Octopus

The air around here is growing increasingly chilly and I think a nice, warm blanket to hide under is called for. All sorts of animals have lovely fur you can make one out of, but you have to do all the work yourself. Unacceptable! There is a very strange answer to this problem, so long as you can tolerate your blanket being soaking wet. The Blanket Octopus has come to tuck you in. I hope she's brought some hot chocolate along, too.

Blanket Octopus are 4 species of the genus Tremoctopus. They are found throughout the world's tropical and sub-tropical oceans, from the surface to moderate depths. I usually think of octopods crawling around on rocks and such but the Blanket Octopus is pelagic, living life out in the open ocean with no need for coasts or the sea floor at all.

And of course, "living life" is one of her top priorities, so she requires some kind of defence against whatever predators she may come across. She has no octopus ink, so this is when her Giant Security Blanket of Doom makes its dramatic appearance.

A female Blanket Octopus might get to about a metre or 2 (3.3 to 6.6 feet) in length, but her first 2 pairs of legs are extra specially long. Attached to them is a huge span of webbing that is normally hidden away. In times of need, this drapery is unfurled, spread out and left to billow in the water. It's like curtains on a dark and stormy night, when you really ought to close those windows. This makes her look far larger and more threatening than she actually is, hopefully scaring off any predators. If it doesn't seem to be working so well, bits of her blanket can even detach from the rest to act as a decoy. Quite the bag of tricks!

Image: Marcello CONTICELLI / UWPRESS.com
But it doesn't stop there! Or rather, it didn't start there. Even as a tiny youth, this Blanket Octopus was a brawler.

Blanket Octopus are immune to the stings of the Portuguese Man o' War and, not being one to waste a good opportunity, she grabs it by the long and tendrilly. In other words, she rips off a few of their tentacles and wields them like whips. Poisonous, stinging whips. Yowch!

But it's not only the female who does this, the males do too. The thing is, the males never really grow up! I hear a whole bunch of women saying "yeh, you don't have to tell me!" But at least human males can put the shelves up or something, Blanket Octopus males are fully grown at just a few centimetres (inch or 2) long! So they have to continue with the Man o' War tentacle trick for their whole life, never get that impressive blanket and can't even help with putting the shopping away. They're almost useless. Almost...

Image: Dhugal Lindsay/JAMSTEC/CMarZ
A male. All grown up and just one place to go...
Like other cephalopods, male Blanket Octopus have a special arm modified for reproduction. It stores sperm and is offered up to the female. It actually detaches from the rest of the male's body and crawls up into her mantle. His special tentacle really has a mind of its own! She can now produce some 100,000 eggs which she stores in a calcareous packet that she carries around with her until they hatch. The male on the other hand... well, job done. She only wanted him for his special tentacle and he doesn't have it anymore so... he promptly dies.
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